This is defined as the "widening, deepening and speeding up of worldwide interconnectedness in all aspects of contemporary social life" (Held et al 1999). Its driving forces are the cultural, social, economic and technological movements that shape our world.

The global governance agenda now reflects the impact of globalization, with more emphasis placed on the regulation of trade and financial flows, the international movement of people and sharing of ideas, and on the impact of such factors on global threats to health and well-being and global public goods for health. This is illustrated by state policies for international relations and security, agriculture and trade, in the policies and practices of multinational companies, and in the everyday lives of global citizens.

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