Policy Brief: Anti-Microbial Resistance (2014)

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Policy Brief: Climate Change and Health (2014)

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Working Paper GHP No. 11: How should the WHO reform? (2014)

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Policy Brief: Security Sector Engagement in Global Health Crisis (2015)

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BMJ editorial on Global Health Diplomacy

24 June 2011 - Guided by the key question whether foreign policy serves health or whether health serves foreign policy, Professor Ilona Kickbusch outlined four different ways in which foreign policy and health can interact.


Interview with Ilona Kickbusch on WHO reforms

20 June 2011

The Graduate Institute of Insternational and Development Studies (IHEID) has published an Interview with Director of the Global Health Programme at IHEID, Professor Ilona Kickbusch, translated into French. The interview is a discussion on the reform process currently under way at the World Health Organization, and a reflection on the recent discussions at the World Health Assembly last May.

The interview can be found at: http://graduateinstitute.ch/Jahia/site/iheid/cache/bypass/lang/en/institute/news?newsId=114607



Experience and roles of the EU in relation to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

04 March 2011


This paper analyzes the experience of the European Union (EU) in the formation and application of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which came into force on 27 February 2005. Its fifth year is a timely moment to review the EU's role in creating and applying the first binding global health treaty of the World Health Organization. In addition to the 167 nation states that have become parties to the Framework Convention, the European Union is the only regional economic organization that has become a full signatory member and party to the FCTC. We understand this special circumstance as a result of an important learning process for the EU on how to conduct international negotiations in a policy field which is mostly shared in legal competence between the EU and its member states.


Dr. Björn-Inge Larsen, Norwegian Representative to WHO Executive Board, on Norway's WHO strategy and approach to global health

Bj_rn_Inge_Larsen_1_215639a04 January 2011

Global Health Europe had the recent opportunity to speak with Dr. Björn-Inge Larsen, who serves as Norway's Chief Medical Officer and representative on the World Health Organization's Executive Board. Norway is one of few countries who have published a strategy document describing how they approach health as a global issue, and in particular, how Norway is approaching its term on the WHO Executive Board. Global Health Europe took this opportunity to ask Dr. Larsen about the Norwegian WHO Strategy, how it came about, how it functions, and how other European countries might go about implementing similar strategies.

The conversation then touched on broader issues of global health governance including the role and financing of the WHO-both globally and regionally-and how Norway views itself as a global health actor vis-à-vis the European Union. And finally Dr. Larsen explains some of the background behind Norway's interest in interactions between global health and foreign policy.


Invitation to comment: draft policy assessments on innovative incentives for global health R&D

21 December 2010

The Washington D.C. based Center for Global Health R&D Policy Assessment has published two draft assessments that are open for expert and stakeholder review.  The first assessment, Pooled Funds: Assessing New Models for Global Health R&D Financing, addresses the two critical questions of more and "better" money for global health R&D, asking can a pooled fund help improve funding flows to global health R&D projects? Could it bring new funders to the table?  The second assessment, Prizes for Global Health Technologies: An Assessment with a Case Study on TB Diagnostics, provides a general analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of prizes as a way to drive product development and access in the developing world and a detailed case study of recent prize proposals for point-of-care TB diagnostics. In addition, it offers a preliminary analysis of prizes for other health products.


Lancet series "Chronic diseases and development"

07 December 2010

A new series on noncommunicable diseases has been published by the Lancet, titled "Chronic diseases and development." The series of five papers looks at the NCDs burden and its impact on various issues and areas, including socioeconomic development in low- and middle-income countries, health financing, surveillance and the need to develop health systems that can cope with increased demands posed by chronic illnesses.


Review of "Dead Aid: Why Aid is not working and how there is a better way"

deadaid18 October 2010

"Dead Aid: Why Aid is not working and how there is a better way" by Dambisa Moyo published by Farrar, Strauss and Giroux New York 2010 (paperback edition)

This important critique of the assumption that aid can solve the obstacles to Africa's progress, by an African economist takes the argument further than others such as Meredith who have pointed out the failures of aid and Africa in our generation. She sees aid dependence as a major cause of corruption and a barrier to the development of responsible government. Her solution calls for African countries to phase out their reliance on aid, looking instead to international bond markets to finance major public sector investments, to foreign direct investment to finance large scale private sector growth and micro financing for local entrepreneurial development. She also points out the potential of other financial sources such as savings and remittances which can be far larger than aid but are generally disregarded or even obstructed by governments. This approach would refocus the development debate on the obstacles to trade and private sector development and financing rather than assuming a continuing dependence culture.



What is the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control's role in Europe's network of global health actors? : An interview with Director Marc Sprenger

MarcSprenger_72dpi20 August 2010

In May this year, Dr. Marc Sprenger began his five year term as Director of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. The ECDC is an agency of the EU with a clear mandate - to strengthen Europe's defences against infectious diseases and threats of unknown origin. However, for many the ECDC is still something of a mystery. The name "ECDC" invites comparison to the better known CDC in Atlanta, and other new institutions like the CCDC, in China. While similar to these, the ECDC is different in very important ways, for example it has no laboratories. Furthermore, there are other health bodies in Europe, from national level institutes of health and tropical medicine, to the Regional Office of the World Health Organization - and many of them focus on fighting infectious diseases. In this hugely important area where exactly does the ECDC fit into this crowded network and what are its roles? Global Health Europe recently had the opportunity to speak with Dr. Marc Sprenger on his vision for ECDC, and the role this relatively new institution plays within the expanding network of European global health actors.



New WHO Executive Board Chair on challenges in global health governance, and way forward for WHO, EU

Kokeny_photoOn Friday, 28 May 2010 Global Health Europe spoke with Dr. Mihaly Kökény, who the week prior had been elected the new Chair of the Executive Board of the World Health Organization. In conjunction with the World Health Assembly the Executive Board (EB) is the primary decision making body of the WHO. The WHO EB might be a crucial setting for determining the future course of global health governance and Global Health Europe was eager to learn the views of its new Chair.


Review of Values in Global Health Governance

In their recent article Values in Global Health Governance, Professors Benatar, Lister and Thacker call into question the values that direct our actions today in global health. The argument they put forward is that current approaches based on individualism and the respect of human rights, economic liberalism, corporatism and managerialism, a focus on biomedical science rather than social solutions, and a simplistic linear approach to health problems have failed. The origin of these failures, they suggest, stems not from our actions themselves but the overarching values and ideologies which have determined our actions. As such, they bring into question the very fabric of modern civilisation. In solution they suggest that the academic field of bioethics be transformed into a forum to promote a public discourse on new values and the development of a framework that combines understanding of global interdependencies with enlightened long-term self-interest.


Unhealthy Work: Causes, consequences, cures

schnalldobsonrosskam"Work, so fundamental to well-being, has its darker and more costly side. Work can adversely affect our health, well beyond the usual counts of injuries that we think of as "occupational health." The ways in which work is organized-its pace and intensity, degree of control over the work process, sense of justice, and employment security, among other things-can be as toxic to the health of workers as the chemicals in the air."


The G20 and Global Health

G20Professor Graham Lister reviews "The G20 and the three global crises: what prospects for global health?" a recent editorial article published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health by Dr. Roberto De Vogli and Dr. David Gimeno.

This is a socialist rant but one I agree with. The authors attack the global capitalist system and the failure of global governance in both financial management and in ecological and development management.


Revolutionary Thinking from Nigel Crisp

upsidedownIn his book "Turning the World Upside Down: the search for global health in the 21st Century" Nigel Crisp draws on his experience as Chief Executive of England's National Health Service, as Chair of Sightsavers International and The Global Health Workforce Alliance, to challenge the accepted wisdom of 20th century health and development.



Review of Making Sense of Global Health Governance

making_senseMaking Sense of Global Health Governance - A Policy Perspective Edited by Kent Buse, Wolfgang Hein and Nick Drager was published in 2009 by Palgrave Macmillian.  Below is a review by Layla Yüzen, research assistant at the Munich Center on Governance, Communication, Public Policy and Law (MCG). The review was first published in GLOBAL HEALTH GOVERNANCE, VOLUME II, NO. 2 (FALL 2008/SPRING 2009) http://www.ghgj.org.


In search of the public health paradigm for the 21st century: the political dimensions of public health

There are increasing warnings of not only of a "crisis in global health governance" but also of a "crisis in competency" in public health. With this in mind this paper discusses 21st century public health in view of the seminal trends which have led to a renewed political debate on public health and the characteristics of the new public health landscape as an amalgam of "healthscapes" and as networks.


Nigel Crisp's new book: "Turning the world upside down - the search for global health in the 21st Century"

NigelCrispThe most striking thing about health in the 21st Century is that the whole world is now so interconnected and so interdependent. This interdependence is changing the way we see health, creating a new global perspective and will affect the way we need to act.

Turning the world upside down is a search to understand what is happening and what it means for us all. It is based on the authors journey from running the largest health system in the world to working in some of the poorest countries and draws on his experiences to explore new ideas and innovations from around the world.

The book has three unique features:

  • Describes what rich countries can learn from poorer ones, as well as the other way round.
  • Deals with health in rich and poor countries in the same way, not treating them as totally different things, and suggests that instead of talking about international development we should talk about co-development.
  • Sets out a new vision for global health, based on our interdependence, our desire for independence and our rights and accountabilities as citizens of the world.


European Cooperation on Future Crises: Toward a Public Good

markrhinard_08_01This paper by Mark Rhinard, Swedish Institute of International Affairs, succinctly explains the paradox that currently characterizes European cooperation on internal security and safety issues, generally, and specifically in public health matters. The paper shows why this paradox reflects the cooperation difficulties of producing a transnational public good and gives a succinct intoduction to collective action literature and public goods theory as a powerful way to understand the problem.


The European Approach to Global Health Identifying Common Ground for a U.S.–EU Agenda A Report of the CSIS Global Health Policy Center

CSIS Report on the European Approach to Global Health

This text offers a personal view on what Europe is doing and thinking about global health and where there might be further opportunity for transatlantic collaboration. It is based mainly on my experience as vice director and head of international affairs of the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health (corresponding to an assistant secretary for international affairs of the ministry of health) and my two-month sabbatical as a visiting fellow with the CSIS Global Health Policy Center in November / December 2008.



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